Abiogenic formation of natural gas happens very deep within the earth’s crust. Here there are found carbon molecules and gases rich in hydrogen molecules. These gases slowly rise towards the earth’s surface, and as they rise they can interact with underground minerals. This interaction can result in the formation of a variety of compounds which are found in the atmosphere, like nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon and water. Given enough pressure as the gases move towards the earth’s surface it is likely that methane deposits will form, similar to thermogenic methane.
In our exploration of the genesis of natural gas we have already seen the process of thermogenic formation which requires extreme temperatures to transform plants and animals into fossil fuels.
Another process, which could help us in today’s world produce methane as a renewable resource is called the biogenic production of methane. In this process methane is produced by the breakdown of organic matter by means of microorganisms which are found on the surface of the earth in which oxygen is not found. These microorganisms are so common that they are found in the intestines of most animals, including humans.
Presently methane formed this way is almost entirely lost to the atmosphere. Sometimes, however the methane can be trapped underground and then harvested and used as natural gas. This happens at landfills, where relatively large amounts of methane are produced when the materials in the landfill decompose with the help of the microorganisms found there.
IDT Energy hopes that this new understanding of what natural gas is and where it comes from will increase your appreciation of the wonder of natural gas.
We hear so much about “fossil fuels” these days, but what is meant by this expression? Fossil fuels are formed during millions and/or hundreds of millions of years, through extreme heat and temperature exerted on organic materials (living things) such as plants and animals. Fossil fuels range in form from extremely volatile, such as gases like methane, through liquids such as petroleum, up to totally non-volatile materials like anthracite coal.
Posted in Green Energy, Sustainable Energy by admin |
Nonrenewable energy makes use of fossil fuels like coal, gas and oil to produce energy. These are limited resources that cannot be replaced once they are consumed. Other sources of energy, however, like the wind, organic matter, running water and the sun are renewable. This means that green energy is sustainable and that the costs involved in producing green energy are less dependent (if at all) on availability.
Energy production from fossil fuels results in emissions that cause pollution and leave destructive waste products. Energy that is produced from renewable energy sources does not affect the environment during its production, as it does not contribute to global warming, acid rain, nor urban smog. The health risks
associated with producing green energy are almost nil, while standard energy production can result in the cause of lung cancer, asthma, and other respiratory illnesses.
IDT Energy believes in producing green energy!